1. Construction Materials
2. Iron & Steel Producers
3. Metals & Mining
4. Coal Operations
5. Oil & Gas – Exploration & Production
6. Oil & Gas – Midstream
7. Oil & Gas – Refining & Marketing
8. Oil & Gas – Services
Range of Extractives & Minerals Processing Risks
1. Community Relations & Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2. Workforce Health, Safety, and Well-Being
3. Labour Relations
4. Water Management
5. Waste Management
6. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
7. Biodiversity Impact
8. Reserves Valuation & Capital Expenditures
9. Supply Chain Management
Iron & Steel Producers
The production of steel takes place in one of two ways either through the Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) in which iron is used as an input, or through the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) which uses scrap steal as an input. Companies in this industry tend to operate internationally, and most often they do not mine their own inputs to manufacturing.
Metals & Mining
Oil & Gas - Exploration & Production
Oil & Gas - Midstream
Oil goes through a similar process where it is transported and refined using a network of pipes as well as cars and trucks. Companies that are in charge of operating bulk stations and installing storage tanks are also members of this industry.
Oil & Gas - Refining & Marketing
The complexity of the refinery process will vary dependent on the crude oil inputs from earlier in the process chain. The varying complexity also has varying impacts on the environment and people in the vicinity.
Oil & Gas - Services
The support services that companies in this industry supply include: seismic surveying, well cementing, equipment rental, and well monitoring. All service work is contractual and has a big impact in the sustainability performance of the client company. Companies in this industry are competitive based on their rates, safety performance, technology, and reputation.